Past Experience And Prospects

The country has been moving for some time toward renewable energy sources, with several projects along these lines.

For example, workers installed a demonstration solar-heating system in a children's home in Kyzylorda in 2002.

Kazakhstan's first-ever solar power station began operation in Sarybulak village, Almaty Oblast, in June. With a production capacity of 52kW, it supplies enough power to light houses and pump water from a well, Kaprishev said. The project was implemented with UN Development Programme support as part of the Green Village international initiative.

In September, workers installed solar batteries on the roof of Lev Gumilev Eurasian National University in Astana. The 10kW source powers several auditoriums in the university.

Future efforts are also on tap. A factory that will produce photoelectric modules for solar power stations is scheduled to start operating in Astana in December, Rakhimov said. It will use as its raw material domestically mined silicon that will be purified and refined in Ust-Kamenogorsk.

And beginning in 2015, Kazatomprom, the state-owned nuclear holding company, will build solar and wind power stations.